Fraudsters target consumers with one-ring telephone scams who exploit people's curiosity to mislead them into paying exorbitant fees.
According to the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC), this scam often starts when a fraudster makes contact with an unsuspecting consumer who makes a one-call call. Many of these calls seem to come from telephone numbers based in the United States. In other cases, digital attackers use international telephone numbers that use three-digit area codes, such as & # 39; 649 & # 39; for the Turks and Caicos Islands. They can also use the number recognition spoofing to hide the true origin of these calls.
The purpose of this scam is to excite users' curiosity so that they call back the mysterious phone number. The FCC explains why in a blog post:
If you call such a number, you run the risk of being connected to a telephone number outside the United States. As a result, you can get a cost allowance for establishing a connection, along with significant cost per minute, as long as they can keep you informed on the phone. These costs can appear on your invoice as premium services.
The FCC has also discovered a number of variants of the scam where fraudsters did not use one-call calls. Instead, they left false voice messages in which they challenged the recipient to claim & # 39; a prize & # 39; or inform them about a & # 39; sick family member & # 39 ;. They posted such provocative messages to fool the recipient by calling them back.
Tired of all scam attempts that use number recognition spoofing, the FCC has decided to take action against fraudsters on telephone booths. Ajit Pai, the FCC chairman, works specifically with telecommunications companies to help them adopt "robust call authentication" that is designed to combat illegal spoofing with caller ID. The FCC hopes to be able to implement a call authentication framework in 2019.
In the meantime, users must protect themselves against scams from a single telephone line and similar listeners by not answering calls or answering numbers they don't recognize. They must also inspect a telephone number to determine if it is from another country before it is called. If they do not want to call international companies, they can ask their telephone company to exercise this preference.